Understanding Pre-Menstrual Syndrome

Many women experience symptoms around the time menstrual period arrives. Unfortunately, women suffering from pre-menstrual syndrome will experience symptoms for longer periods of time.

What is pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS)?

This is a term given to a number of symptoms associated with a woman’s menstrual cycle. Most of these symptoms are usually disrupting to the woman’s life. They occur over an extended period of time. Many women may experience these symptoms for up to two weeks prior to the menstrual period.

The Symptoms of Pre-menstrual Syndrome

Some of the most common symptoms include the following listed below:

  • Back pain
  • Acne
  • Crying spells
  • Cravings
  • Bloating
  • Depression
  • Breast pain
  • Distractibility
  • Constipation
  • Joint pain
  • Decreased libido
  • Isolative behaviour
  • Insomnia
  • Headache
  • Heart palpitations
  • Tiredness
  • Hot flashes
  • Irritability
  • Moodiness
  • Weight gain
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Swelling

The Causes of Pre-menstrual Syndrome

Unfortunately, there is no known cause for pre-menstrual syndrome. According to researchers, it is also not clear whether pre-menstrual syndrome is associated to genetics or not. Scientifically, it is believed that pre-menstrual syndrome is related to the fluctuating hormones. During menstruation, estrogen, a hormone in female body fluctuates at various times.

There are no evidences to prove that pre-menstrual symptom is related to psychological problems or disorders. But it is true that presence of a psychological disorder tends to worsen the symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome.

Effects of Pre-menstrual Syndrome

There are many effects of pre-menstrual syndrome on a woman’s body and mind. Right from feeling nauseated and anxious, women usually feel miserable during this phase of her life. Some women also turn hostile and aggressive. However, there are no evidences to prove effects of pre-menstrual syndrome on fertility. The symptoms have not been shown to cause infertility.

The Treatment Options for Pre-menstrual Syndrome

There is no known cure for pre-menstrual syndrome. Women who experience milder symptoms may find relief by taking over-the-counter medications such as pamprin, midol, ibuprofen, and naproxen. It is important to seek help of a physician before taking any medication. A trained medical practitioner may prescribe safe and effective medications to help control symptoms. For instance, many doctors prescribe birth control pills to facilitate regulation of hormones. Diuretics are recommended to prevent swelling and bloating during menstruation. Anti-depressants are helpful in addressing psychological symptoms including anxiety and depression.

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