How much do you know about Menopause? Some Facts

Every woman will go through this stage in her life once. Just as a girl starts having her periods for the first time, as a woman, she will see it go away from her life too. Unfortunately, not many women know much about this phase of life and face many problems due to less or no knowledge at all.

Here are some important facts about menopause that every woman must know:

The Most Common Symptom of Menopause

Studies have revealed that around 70 per cent of women experience the hot flushes and night sweats as the most common symptoms of menopause.

The Menopause Problems

It is true that it can lead to a wide range of symptoms. These include both physical and emotional problems. The menopause may be quite an unsettling time in a woman’s life. However, some are able to go through it without any problems!

Why Does Menopause Occur?

The menopause in a woman’s life is the phase when a woman experience ceasing of her monthly periods. It occurs because as women age they gradually run short of eggs. Some of the scientists also believe that menopause occurs to protect women from potential risks and health conditions related to the late childbearing.

The Average Age for Menopause

Medically, most women reach menopause at age 51. However, this may sometimes vary a little as per the woman’s body conditions and other factors such as lifestyle and eating habits. Some women (in rare cases) reach menopause at the age of 40. This stage is known as ‘early menopause’.

Decline of Hormone Production in 30s

Medically, ovaries start to decline in production of hormone during the mid-30s. This is an integral part of woman’s life cycle. Unfortunately, scientists have not found out the real cause of this decline as yet. Once it starts during mid 30s, the decline process starts to accelerate and hormones tend to fluctuate more by the mid and late 40s. This is also the reason most women experience irregular menstrual cycles. And towards the early to mid-50s, monthly periods end altogether.

How to know that it is Menopause?

A woman is going through menopause if she has not had a period for 12 consecutive months. Also if no other physical conditions such as pregnancy or a surgery is responsible, the woman is considered menopausal.

Effects of Menopause on Health

Women usually experience two common problems that may start at menopause:

  1. Osteoporosis
  2. Heart disease

Human body breaks down old bone and replaces it with new healthy bone. A hormone known as estrogen helps in controlling loss of bone. Hence, losing estrogen during menopause leads to more loss of bone and the replacement is at slower pace. Many times, the bones turn very weak and break easily. This health condition is medically termed as osteoporosis. It is crucial to speak to your health care practitioner and get a bone density test in order to find out if you are at risk of osteoporosis. Your health care practitioner will suggest you ways to prevent or treat osteoporosis. They usually recommend some weight-bearing exercise and a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D.

Medically, it has been proved that women are more vulnerable to heart disease. One of the major reasons behind this is changes in levels of estrogen hormone levels may be part of the cause. But, so is getting older. As you age, you may develop other problems, like high blood pressure or weight gain, that put you at greater risk for heart disease. You need to go for the following tests regularly to keep tabs on your heart health:

Blood pressure

Triglycerides c levels

Fasting blood glucose

LDL (bad cholesterol)

HDL (good cholesterol)

Total cholesterol

Speak to your health care provider to know the measures to be taken for protection of heart.

Smoking and Onset of Menopause

Women who smoke usually go through hormonal changes earlier in life as compared to their non-smoking counterparts. Another problem is that smoking will trigger symptoms of menopause and make them more intense.

Relief from Menopause

Relief from menopause health conditions such as osteoporosis is possible through Hormone replacement therapy (HRT). This will help protect women from osteoporosis. Replacing the hormone oestrogen lost during the process of menopause will protect bones from deterioration.

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